We only purchase high quality Fresh Fruit Bunch (FFB) from the plantation surrounding our palm oil processing mills. We sorted our incoming FFB from large or smallholders of palm oil plantations. We then sterilize the FFB (130°C and 2.8 ATM) to inactivate residual lipase-degrading enzyme that will otherwise increase the Free Fatty Acid content in our final product. The fruits them self are then separated from the bunch mechanically. The bunch can be used further to make compost. The fruit is then pressed to release the oil from the mesocarp leaving the fibre and the kernel nut. The oil released is then called Crude Palm Oil (CPO). The fibre is then used further as a fuel. The kernel is then separated mechanically from the shell. The kernel itself can be processed further to make Palm Kernel Oil (PKO) and the shell is then called Palm Kernel Shell (PKS) and can used as biomass.
We have two factory processing mills that can generate 7800 MT of CPO on a per month. Unfortunately, our factory are not able to produce PKO from Kernel. Nonetheless we still offering 600 tonne of Kernel and 480-600 tonne of PKS every month. Please go to “Request a rate” page for pricing, FOB, and future contract.
1. Crude Palm Oil
Palm oil (also known as dendê oil, from Portuguese) is an edible vegetable oil derived from the mesocarp (reddish pulp) of the fruit of the oil palms, primarily the African oil palm Elaeis guineensis, and to a lesser extent from the American oil palm Elaeis oleifera and the maripa palm Attalea maripa.
Palm oil is naturally reddish in color because of a high beta-carotene content. It is not to be confused with palm kernel oil derived from the kernel of the same fruit, or coconut oil derived from the kernel of the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera). The differences are in color (raw palm kernel oil lacks carotenoids and is not red), and in saturated fat content: Palm mesocarp oil is 41% saturated, while Palm Kernel oil and Coconut oil are 81% and 86% saturated respectively.
2. Palm Kernel Oil
Palm kernel oil is an edible plant oil derived from the kernel of the oil palm Elaeis guineensis. It should not be confused with the other two edible oils derived from palm fruits:coconut oil, extracted from the kernel of the coconut, and palm oil, extracted from the pulp of the oil palm fruit.
Palm kernel oil, which is semi-solid at room temperature, is more saturated than palm oil and comparable to coconut oil. It is commonly used in commercial cooking because of its relatively low cost, and because it remains stable at high cooking temperatures and can be stored longer than other vegetable oils.
3. Palm Kernel Shell
Palm kernel shells (or PKS) are the shell fractions left after the nut has been removed after crushing in the Palm Oil mill. Kernel shells are a fibrous material and can be easily handled in bulk directly from the product line to the end use. Large and small shell fractions are mixed with dust-like fractions and small fibres.
Moisture content in kernel shells is low compared to other biomass residues with different sources suggesting values between 11% and 13%. Palm kernel shells contain residues of Palm Oil, which accounts for its slightly higher heating value than average lignocellulosic biomass. Compared to other residues from the industry, it is a good quality biomass fuel with uniform size distribution, easy handling, easy crushing, and limited biological activity due to low moisture content.